This map provides a comprehensive overview of European low-carbon liquid fuel projects and of their status. The data is regularly updated, as existing projects are progressing, and as new ones are set in motion.
Potential quantity of low-carbon liquid fuels produced per year in 2030
Potential quantity of low-carbon liquid fuels produced per year in 2030
New projects in Europe
New projects in Europe
ENI DEVELOPED A LONG-TERM STRATEGIC PLAN TO 2050 AND ACTION PLAN 2020-2023
The Italian company Eni pledged to shrink its net GHG emissions of their energy products by 2050 in one of the industry’s most ambitious clean-up drives. Some of the objectives are: 1) Upstream production growth at an annual rate of 3.5% up to 2025, subsequent flexible decline mainly for oil. Gas production by 2050 will make up about 85% of total production; 2) Refining: gradual conversion of Italian sites by focusing on new technologies for the production of decarbonised products from the recycling of waste materials. Increase in bio-refining capacity to 5 million tonnes per year, palm-oil free from 2023, 7 years ahead of the EU ban; 3) Carbon footprint: developed methodology, reviewed and verified by third parties, for the comprehensive measurement of emissions. On this basis, fixed 2050 reduction targets of 80% of absolute emissions and of 55% on emission intensity.
NESTE COMMITMED TO REACHING CARBON NEUTRAL PRODUCTION BY 2035
Neste announced its commitment to reaching carbon neutral production by 2035. This ambition complements Neste’s other strategic climate commitment of reducing customers’ greenhouse gas emissions by at least 20 Mt annually by 2030. The company has already identified more than 50 different measures and actions to decrease GHG emissions in production. For example, Neste: continues to focus on energy efficiency to optimize the use of fuel gas, electricity, hydrogen and steam in its production; increases the weight of greenhouse gas emissions in the investment calculations and business case evaluation; explores new, less emitting production methods, for example utilizing biogas or electrolysis for hydrogen production; has started a project for GHG emission reductions at the Porvoo production site, focusing on CCS.
BP IS REIMAGINING ENERGY WITH ITS NEW STRATEGY TOWARDS NET ZERO
bp announced in February its ambition to be a net zero company by 2050 or sooner. To deliver that ambition, the company has launched its new strategy that will reshape its business within a decade as it changes from an international oil company focused on producing resources to an integrated energy company focused on delivering solutions for customers. By 2030 bp expects to scale up annual low carbon investment to around $5b a year (10 times bp’s current investment level) and reduce oil and gas production by 40%.
SHELL TO BECOME A NET ZERO EMISSIONS ENERGY BUSINESS
By 2050 or sooner, Shell aims to be a net-zero emissions energy business across scope 1, 2 and 3, in line with society. To achieve this ambitious goal, Shell will work on three scopes: cutting all emissions from the manufacture of its products (Scope 1) and emissions that are produced on its behalf in power plants (Scope 2) by 2050; reducing the emissions intensity of the energy products it sells (Scope 3) by 65% by 2050.
EQUINOR AIMS TO CUT EMISSIONS IN NORWAY TOWARDS NEAR ZERO IN 2050
Equinor has pledged to cut its greenhouse gas emissions from Norwegian oil and gasfields by 40% in the next decade. The first phase of the plan to reduce emissions by 2030 means more than 5 million tonnes in annual reductions, representing around 10% of total annual Norwegian greenhouse gas emissions today. Total emissions for Equinor operated fields and plants in 2018 were around 13 million tonnes, approximately the same level as in 2005. The ambition will cover all greenhouse gas emissions from offshore fields and onshore plants operated by Equinor in Norway, including both Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions of CO2 and methane. Since methane emissions are very low at the Norwegian continental shelf, the CO2-emissions is the predominant part.
REPSOL ANNOUNCED ITS COMMITMENT TO ACHIEVE NET ZERO EMISSIONS BY 2050
Repsol announced it aims to achieve net zero emissions by 2050. This ambition entails directing all of its activities and investments to meeting new and more stringent plans all in alignment with the Paris Agreement’s climate goals. To achieve this objective, Repsol is setting new goals for the reduction of its carbon intensity indicator from a 2016 baseline: 10% by 2025, 20% by 2030, 40% by 2040, and net zero CO2 emissions by 2050. It is possible to achieve at least 70% of this target with the technology that can currently be foreseen, and the company is committed to applying the best available technologies to increase this figure, including carbon capture, use and storage. Repsol would, if necessary, aditionally offset emissions through reforestation and other natural climate sinks to achieve zero net emissions by 2050.
TOTAL TAKES NEXT STEPS TOWARDS CARBON NEURTRALITY
Total targets carbon neutrality in 2050 or sooner. Our member Total announced its ambition of cutting its greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 or sooner. The energy company’s ambition will be supported by a strategy comprised of three steps to get Total to Net Zero: Net Zero across Total’s worldwide operations by 2050 or sooner (scope 1+2); Net Zero across all its production and energy products used by its customers in Europe2 by 2050 or sooner (scope 1+2+3); 60% or more reduction in the average carbon intensity of energy products used worldwide by Total customers by 2050 (less than 27.5 gCO2/MJ) – with intermediate steps of 15% by 2030 and 35% by 2040 (scope 1 + 2 + 3).
OMV ADOPTS A NEW CLIMATE AMBITION TO CURB CARBON EMISSIONS
OMV announced that it has set itself targets for curbing carbon emissions. The company is planning to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from its operations and indirect emissions to net-zero by 2050 or sooner. On its way to net zero, OMV also announced that it is also setting the concrete intermediate goal for 2025 to reduce the carbon intensity of its operations by 30%, through an emission reduction of at least 60% for upstream activities and at least 20% for refining operations.
HELPE WANTS TO REDUCE ITS CARBON FOOTPRINT BY HALF UNTIL 2030
HELPE Group set a target for reducing its carbon footprint by 50% until 2030. The announcement was made when the Greek company acquired a portfolio of photovoltaic projects at final permitting stage, which is expected to generate 300 GWh annually, sufficient to power 75,000 homes with zero-emission energy, with a CO2 emission avoidance of around 300,000 tonnes per year.
TOTAL, EXXONMOBIL AND INEOS JOIN FORCES WITH 5 COMPANIES TO HELP REDUCE CO2 EMISSIONS IN THE PORT OF ANTWERP
Total, ExxonMobil and INEOS have partnered with four companies and the Port of Antwerp and have signed a collaboration agreement as a first move towards the possible development of Carbon Capture, Utilisation & Storage (CCUS) infrastructure in the Belgian port. Together, the eight partners will carry out a joint study into the economic and technical feasibility of such facilities, in an important step for the transition to a lower emissions port.
GET H2 PARTNERS SET TO BUILD THE FIRST PUBLICLY ACCESSIBLE HYDROGEN INFRASTRUCTURE
bp, Evonik, Nowega, OGE and RWE Generation have signed a Memorandum of Understanding to develop the GET H2 Nukleus project in Germany. The goal is to make the H2 Nukleus Germany’s first publicly accessible hydrogen network and to supply increasing quantities of green hydrogen (H2) to industrial companies in Lower Saxony and North Rhine-Westphalia from late 2022 onwards.
THE NORTHERN LIGHTS PROJECT IS DRILLING A WELL WHERE THE OBJECTIVE IS NOT TO FIND OIL
For the first time, an exploration well is being drilled where the objective is not to find oil or gas. The Northern Lights project goal – involving Equinor, Shell and Total – is to determinate if the reservoir in the deep Johansen Formation is suitable for storing CO2. The full-scale project is a result of The Norwegian government’s ambition to develop a full-scale CCS value chain in Norway by 2024.
RESEARCHERS WANT TO STORE SWEDISH CO2 ON THE NORWEGIAN SHELF
A Swedish-Norwegian research project with Preem and Equinor signature is looking into the possibilities and costs of transporting CO2 captured in Sweden for storage on the Norwegian shelf. The objective is to investigate the possibilities of establishing a full-scale facility for the capture and transport of CO2 from the Preem refinery and wet gas plant at Lysekil, which would help reduce CO2 emissions by up to 500,000 tons per year.
SHELL JOINS THE W2C ROTTERDAM PROJECT AS PARTNER
Shell has joined Air Liquide, Enerkem and Nouryon as an equity partner in the proposed waste-to-chemicals project in Rotterdam, Netherlands, which will make valuable chemicals and bio-fuels out of non-recyclable waste materials. The planned facility will convert up to 360,000 tons of waste into 220,000 tonsof bio- methanol – a chemical building block that is used to manufacture a broad range of everyday products, as well as being a renewable fuel. This represents the total annual waste of more than 700,000 households and represents a CO2 emission savings estimated at about 300,000 tonnes when compared to the production of methanol from fossil fuels.
SHELL AVIATION TO SUPPORT SKYNRG’S SUSTAINABLE AVIATION FUEL FACILITY
Shell Aviation plans to support SkyNRG in its development of Europe’s first plant dedicated to the production of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). The facility is expected to begin commissioning in 2022, with an annual production of 100,000 tonnes of SAF. This equates to a reduction in lifecycle carbon dioxide emissions of around 270,000 tonnes. In addition to SAF, the plant will also produce naphtha, as well as 15,000 tonnes of bio-liquefied petroleum gas annually as a by-product.
SHELL WANTS TO CREATE A GREEN HYDROGEN HUB
Shell and Eneco has revealed their intention to create a green hydrogen hub in the port of Rotterdam, using green electricity generated by wind power. Expected to go into operation by 2023, the green hydrogen plant will produce about 50,000-60,000kg of hydrogen per day and have a capacity of around 200MW.
SHELL AND GASUNIE PLAN TO BUILD MASSIVE DUTCH GREEN HYDROGEN PLANT
Shell and Dutch gas company Gasunie plan to build a massive green hydrogen plant in the northern Netherlands in the next decade to cut emissions. Fuelled by a large new wind farm off the coast of Groningen province, the plant would be able to produce 800,000 tonnes of hydrogen by 2040, cutting the Netherlands’ CO2 emissions by about 7 megaton per year. The project is NortH2.
TOTAL PARTNERS WITH SUNFIRE ON HIGHLY EFFICIENT HYDROGEN
The French major energy company, Total, combined forces with Sunfire, a leading global cleantech company, by signing a cooperation agreement, the first step for the industrial-scale production of synthetic methanol from renewables and industrial concentrated CO2 from the Total Raffinerie Mitteldeutschland GmbH.
ADVANCED BIOFUELS AND ALGAE RESEARCH: TARGETING THE TECHNICAL CAPABILITY TO PRODUCE 10,000 BARRELS PER DAY BY 2025
Today, ExxonMobil and SGI are carrying out a basic research programme to develop advanced biofuels from algae. This joint effort is working towards the technical ability to produce 10,000 barrels of algae biofuels a day by 2025. The objective is to develop advanced algae biofuels options and identify the best pathways to make these groundbreaking technologies available to consumers. The programme builds off of the many insights we have obtained and the progress we have made since we announced our initial alliance with SGI in 2009.
EXXONMOBIL AND GLOBAL CLEAN ENERGY HOLDINGS SIGN AGREEMENT FOR RENEWABLE DIESEL
ExxonMobil recently announced an agreement with alternative fuels developer Global Clean Energy to purchase renewable diesel. The engine-ready fuel will be partially derived from camelina, a plant that does not displace food crops and could have the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions on the road– a win-win.
NESTE AND AIR BP TO OFFER INCREASED VOLUME OF SUSTAINABLE AVIATION FUEL IN EUROPE
Neste and Air bp have signed an agreement to offer an increased volume of sustainable aviation fuel to airport customers in 2020 and 2021. The volume is five times larger than that supplied by the businesses in 2019. Air bp will make the Neste-produced SAF available at selected airports in Europe, with deliveries to airports including Stockholm (ARN) and Oslo (OSL) expected to begin in the coming weeks.
REFINERY’S USED COOKING OIL EXPANSION SHIFTS LOW CARBON FUEL PRODUCTION UP A GEAR
Phillips 66 Humber Refinery is investing heavily to expand its low carbon fuel production capacity. The South Bank industrial giant has just taken delivery of a huge new processing unit that will play a huge part in turning waste cooking oil into road fuels.
HELPE IS EXPLORING THE VIABILITY OF CO-PROCESSING USED COOKING OIL IN ONE OF ITS REFINERIES IN THESSALONIKI
HELPE is exploring the viability of co-processing Used Cooking Oil in one of its refineries in Thessaloniki, Northern Greece. To that end is currently engaged in a screening study with the unit licensor. The aim is to process UCO up to the 1.7% energy cap target for transport fuels set forth in RED II for 2030, which translates to co-processing of ~10 vol.% biofeed in one diesel HDS unit.
PKN ORLEN TO BE EMISSION-NEUTRAL BY 2050
PKN Orlen has pledged to achieve emission neutrality by 2050 and to invest more than zlotys 25 billion (EUR 5.6 bln) in environmental impact mitigation projects in the coming 10 years.
In order to reach its goal, by 2030 the company will reduce CO2 emissions from its current refining and petrochemical assets by 20% and emissions from power generation by 33% CO2/MWh.
The company’s emission neutrality strategy has four main elements, according to its announcement. These are: improving energy efficiency in production, zero- and low-emission power generation, the development of alternative fuels and green financing.
NESTE AND SHELL SIGN AGREEMENT TO INCREASE SUPPLY OF SUSTAINABLE AVIATION FUEL
Finnish biofuel producer and oil refiner Neste signed an agreement with Shell Aviation to significantly increase the supply and availability of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF).
This agreement significantly increases the supply and availability of sustainable aviation fuel for the aviation industry with effect from October 2020. It brings together Neste’s expertise in the production and supply of renewable diesel and sustainable aviation fuel with Shell Aviation’s world-class credentials in supplying and managing fuel around the world.
GALP ON ITS WAY TOWARDS DECARBONISATION
Galp shared its path to decarbonisation. Committed to Europe’s carbon neutrality vision by 2050, the Portuguese energy company has set two long-term objectives: bring the portfolio into line with the vision for carbon neutrality in Europe by 2050 and reduce the carbon intensity of our activities by at least 15% by 2030.
‘’We can all play a part in the energy transition contributing to a just and inclusive journey’’, said Carlos Gomes da Silva, Galp’s CEO.
For the purpose of the carbon intensity calculation, Galp adopted a methodology considering a “well-to-wheel”, full life cycle, approach with the energy and emissions accounted for under this metric (scopes 1, 2 and 3) reflecting the production, processing and delivery of energy to Galp’s end consumers, as well as the usage of this energy.
BP AND ORSTED TEAM UP ON GREEN HYDROGEN PROJECT
How do you get one of bp’s oldest refineries to contribute to net-zero? The answer is green hydrogen.
bp has partnered with Danish energy giant Orsted to develop a green hydrogen development in Lingen refinery in North West Germany. The two have signed a letter of intent to work together on the development of an industrial-scale green hydrogen production project.
When operational in 2024, the industrial-scale 50MW electrolyser could generate one tonne of renewable hydrogen per hour. The energy produced by the green hydrogen project could be sufficient to replace more than 20% of Lingen’s current grey hydrogen consumption.
BP, SHELL, EXXONMOBIL AND OTHERS JOIN FORCES ON THE H-VISION PROJECT
In H-vision sixteen parties, predominantly from the port of Rotterdam industrial area, collaborate in a detailed study to explore the large-scale production and application of blue hydrogen in the Rotterdam industrial area. The objective is supply decarbonized energy by replacing natural gas and coal with blue hydrogen. It is also studying how residual gases from the refining and chemical industry can be utilized to further enhance sustainability.
H-vision also anticipates the arrival of green hydrogen, which is produced via electrolysis using power sourced from renewable sources like offshore wind farms.